Eez Agreement

The Greece-Egypt agreement closely reflects the delimitation agreements reached so far in the eastern Mediterranean (for example. B between Cyprus and Egypt, Lebanon or Israel). According to its title, it is an agreement on the “delimitation of the exclusive economic zone.” The agreement does not deal with the continental regime. This is probably because the parties knew that the EEZ included sovereign rights and jurisdiction in the continental shelf. Although they remain two distinct zones, the EEZ and the continental shelf have similar limits and material rights within 200 nautical miles. Thus, international jurisprudence and state practice suggest a trend towards a uniform demarcation line, both for the EEZ and for the continental shelf within 200 nm. Drawing on the Prime Minister`s sentiments, Dendias praised the “mutually beneficial agreement” based on the principles of international law and the law of the sea, adding that it would contribute to regional stability and security. “Today`s agreement confirms and consolidates the right of our islands to a continental shelf and an exclusive economic zone,” Dendias said, while denouncing the Turkey-Libya memorandum as unfounded and legally unfounded. “He ended up in the trash where he was always in his place,” he said. In October 2020, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres reached an agreement between Turkey and Libya on the delimitation of maritime areas in the Mediterranean. The agreement “was registered with the Secretariat in accordance with Article 102 of the United Nations Charter,” the registration certificate states. [5] Two months earlier (August 2020), Greece and Egypt had signed another maritime agreement delimiting an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights to counter the Agreement between Turkey and Libya.

[7] Turkey and the government of the national agreement have signed a maritime border treaty to create an exclusive economic zone in the Mediterranean, meaning they can claim rights to basic marine resources. [1] According to the list of maritime border treaties, this is the first agreement ever signed between the two countries and thus introduces a new dynamic in the eastern Mediterranean region. However, there are concerns that the agreement could fuel an “energy showdown” in the region because it is highly controversial. [2] According to the Turkish newspaper Daily Sabah, the new agreement consists of the establishment of 200 nautical miles of EEZ and an 18.6 nautical mile continental shelf facility. [8] According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish position is that it protects its sovereign rights over the blue economy and defends its rights over the disputed area of the Mediterranean. [9] According to the Anadolu agency, the legality of the EEZ borders in the Mediterranean should also be determined by continental and continental data, instead of island calculations. [10] The origins of the Agreement between Greece and Egypt can be traced back to the beginning of the search for energy resources in the eastern Mediterranean in the early 2000s.

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