Two Agreements Of The Lancaster House Conference

The three-month conference could hardly reach an agreement due to differences over land reform. Mugabe was put under pressure to sign and the country was the main stumbling blocks. [Citation required] Both the British and U.S. governments offered to compensate white citizens for each country sold in order to support reconciliation (the “willing buyer, seller” principle) and a fund was created to operate from 1980 to 1990. [Citation required] During its deliberations, the Conference reached agreement on the following issues: the parties represented at the Conference were: the Government of the United Kingdom, the Patriotic Front led by Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo, zapu (Zimbabwe African Peoples Union) and ZANU (Zimbabwe African National Union) and the Government of Rhodesia represented by the Prime Minister, Bishop Abel Muzorewa, and Ian Smith, minister without portfolio. Tags: Diplomacy, FCO Historians, Joshua Nkomo, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Agreement, Margaret Thatcher, Rhodesia, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe The Lancaster House conference brought together the delegation of the Patriotic Front (ZANU and ZAPU), co-chaired by the writer and Joshua Nkomo, and the Rhoderaid delegation of Zimbabwe with Bishop Muzorewa, Silas Mundawararara, Ian Smith and Ndabaningi Sithole. The British delegation was led by Lord Carrington, who chaired the conference. Lord Carrington`s diplomacy was characterized by a bias in favor of the Muzorova group. Muzorewa`s strategy was not to oppose any of the British constitutional proposals and the Patriotic Front mocked his delegation and called its members a “yes”. On the other hand, the Patriotic Front has established a firm and principled attitude and has obtained some useful concessions, although it too has conceded ground. They refused to be expelled from the conference, as the Muzorewa group and some members of the British team wanted. Lancaster House looked at the constitution of independence, the agreements before independence and the terms of the ceasefire.

The agreement is called Lancaster House in London, where the parties interested in the agreement of 10 The independence conference was held from September to 15 December 1979. The Zimbabwean constitution, adopted at the Lancaster House Conference and granted by Britain, was a hard-won political victory, achieved mainly through a continuous and fierce armed struggle. It was far from perfect, but it contained more positive than negative aspects and, to the extent that it granted independence within a democratic political order, it constituted a viable basis on which political power could be built. It is in fact this intrinsic potential that has made it acceptable to the Patriotic Front. Lord Carrington, UK Secretary for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, chaired the conference. [1] The conference was held from 10 September to 15 December 1979 with 47 plenary sessions. In 1981, the British helped establish a conference on the reconstruction and development of Zimbabwe, at which more than £630 million in international aid was pledged. Following the commonwealth heads of government meeting held in Lusaka from 1 to 7 August 1979, the British government invited Muzorewa and the leaders of the Patriotic Front to participate in a constitutional conference at Lancaster House. . .


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